Tag Archives: Spanish

Spanish Verbs – Basic IR Ending Conjugation

In learning Spanish, verb conjugation is by far your biggest challenge, yet as a student you can be grateful that many verbs follow a very distinct pattern. In this lesson, we are going to discover conjugation of IR verb endings in the present tense. This is probably one of the very first things you learn in a Spanish class.

Let take a verb such as the one that means “to write”. The Spanish verb is escribir.

In conversation, if you are to use the word escribir, you are literally saying “to write”.

In English, you would say something like I write or he writes.  In Spanish, you have the subject and verb in the same word.  For example, escribo is the word for I write.

Let’s look at how all of the forms of the verb escribir look:

Singular:

I write: escribo
You write: escribes
He/she writes: escribe

Plural:

We write: escribimos
You all/they all write: escriben

Notice how all of the forms start with escrib?  This is the root of the word, with the IR ending removed.  Spanish verb conjugation in the present removes the two letter ending and adds a new ending based on the subject that is doing the action.

Here are some other IR ending verbs that you can see follow the same pattern:

Recibir: to recieve
recibo/recibes/recibe/recibimos/reciben

Vivir: to live
vivo/vives/vive/vivimos/viven

Permitir: to allow, permit
permito/permites/permite/permitimos/permiten

That’s all it takes for a standard Spanish IR verb conjugation.  Check back again for some irregular verbs.

Spanish Verbs – Basic ER Ending Conjugation

In learning Spanish, verb conjugation is by far your biggest challenge, yet as a student you can be grateful that many verbs follow a very distinct pattern. In this lesson, we are going to discover conjugation of ER verb endings in the present tense. This is probably one of the very first things you learn in a Spanish class.

Let take a verb such as the one that means “to eat”. The Spanish verb is come.

In conversation, if you are to use the word comer, you are literally saying “to eat”.

In English, you would say something like I eat or he eats.  In Spanish, you have the subject and verb in the same word.  For example, come is the word for I eat.

Let’s look at how all of the forms of the verb comer look:

Singular:

I eat: como
You eat: comes
He/she eats: come

Plural:

We eat: comemos
You all/they all eat: comen

Notice how all of the forms start with com?  This is the root of the word, with the ER ending removed.  Spanish verb conjugation in the present removes the two letter ending and adds a new ending based on the subject that is doing the action.

Here are some other ER ending verbs that you can see follow the same pattern:

Aprender: to learn
aprendo/aprendes/aprende/aprendemos/aprenden

leer: to read
leo/lees/lee/leemos/leen

That’s all it takes for a standard Spanish ER verb conjugation.  Check back again for some irregular verbs.

Spanish Verbs – Basic AR Ending Conjugation

In learning Spanish, verb conjugation is by far your biggest challenge, yet as a student you can be grateful that many verbs follow a very distinct pattern. In this lesson, we are going to discover conjugation of AR verb endings in the present tense. This is probably one of the very first things you learn in a Spanish class.

Let take a verb such as the one that means “to walk”. The Spanish verb is caminar.

In conversation, if you are to use the word caminar, you are literally saying “to walk”.

In English, you would say something like I walk or he walks.  In Spanish, you have the subject and verb in the same word.  For example, camino is the word for I walk.

Let’s look at how all of the forms of the verb caminar look:

Singular:

I walk: camino
You walk: caminas
He/she walks: camina

Plural:

We walk: caminamos
You all/they all walk: caminan

Notice how all of the forms start with camin?  This is the root of the word, with the AR ending removed.  Spanish verb conjugation in the present removes the two letter ending and adds a new ending based on the subject that is doing the action.

Here are some other AR ending verbs that you can see follow the same pattern:

Arreglar: to fix
arreglo/arreglas/arregla/arreglamos/arreglan

Mirar: to look
miro/miras/mira/miramos/miran

Preguntar: to ask
pregunto/preguntas/pregunta/preguntamos/preguntan

That’s all it takes for a standard Spanish AR verb conjugation.  Check back again for some irregular verbs.

Spanish Direct versus Indirect Object Pronouns

Are you learning Spanish and having trouble understanding the difference between direct and indirect object pronouns?

There are many different literary conventions to learn when learning a new language.  Object pronouns, both indirect and direct, are an important part of understanding Spanish speaking and therefore must be discussed.  Many people have trouble remembering when to use one or the other, and which one is which for that matter.  Here’s a very basic review of the two and how to know when to use them.

Direct Object Pronouns

Here are the various forms of direct object pronouns:

me – yo
te – tu
lo, la – el, ella, usted
nos – nosotros
los, las – ellos, ellas, ustedes

When to use direct object?  User direct object pronouns when speaking about an object and what is done with it.  For example:

  • I bring it (referring to a book) – lo traigo
  • I have them (referring to shoes) – los tengo
  • You search for us – nos buscas

Indirect Object Pronouns

Here are the various forms of direct object pronouns:

me – yo
te – tu
le – el, ella, usted
nos – nosotros
les – ellos, ellas, ustedes

When to use direct object pronouns?  Use direct object pronouns when speaking about an object and what is done to it.  For example:

  • I bring the book to her – le traigo el libro
  • You give me the shoes – me das los zapatos
  • You speak to us – nos hablas

In review

Did you notice the biggest difference?  Direct object pronouns are used when the verb is describing what is being done with an object where indirect object pronouns are used when the verb is describing what is being done to an object.