Spanish Verbs – Basic IR Ending Conjugation

In learning Spanish, verb conjugation is by far your biggest challenge, yet as a student you can be grateful that many verbs follow a very distinct pattern. In this lesson, we are going to discover conjugation of IR verb endings in the present tense. This is probably one of the very first things you learn in a Spanish class.

Let take a verb such as the one that means “to write”. The Spanish verb is escribir.

In conversation, if you are to use the word escribir, you are literally saying “to write”.

In English, you would say something like I write or he writes.  In Spanish, you have the subject and verb in the same word.  For example, escribo is the word for I write.

Let’s look at how all of the forms of the verb escribir look:


I write: escribo
You write: escribes
He/she writes: escribe


We write: escribimos
You all/they all write: escriben

Notice how all of the forms start with escrib?  This is the root of the word, with the IR ending removed.  Spanish verb conjugation in the present removes the two letter ending and adds a new ending based on the subject that is doing the action.

Here are some other IR ending verbs that you can see follow the same pattern:

Recibir: to recieve

Vivir: to live

Permitir: to allow, permit

That’s all it takes for a standard Spanish IR verb conjugation.  Check back again for some irregular verbs.

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