Spanish Verbs – Basic ER Ending Conjugation

In learning Spanish, verb conjugation is by far your biggest challenge, yet as a student you can be grateful that many verbs follow a very distinct pattern. In this lesson, we are going to discover conjugation of ER verb endings in the present tense. This is probably one of the very first things you learn in a Spanish class.

Let take a verb such as the one that means “to eat”. The Spanish verb is come.

In conversation, if you are to use the word comer, you are literally saying “to eat”.

In English, you would say something like I eat or he eats.  In Spanish, you have the subject and verb in the same word.  For example, come is the word for I eat.

Let’s look at how all of the forms of the verb comer look:

Singular:

I eat: como
You eat: comes
He/she eats: come

Plural:

We eat: comemos
You all/they all eat: comen

Notice how all of the forms start with com?  This is the root of the word, with the ER ending removed.  Spanish verb conjugation in the present removes the two letter ending and adds a new ending based on the subject that is doing the action.

Here are some other ER ending verbs that you can see follow the same pattern:

Aprender: to learn
aprendo/aprendes/aprende/aprendemos/aprenden

leer: to read
leo/lees/lee/leemos/leen

That’s all it takes for a standard Spanish ER verb conjugation.  Check back again for some irregular verbs.

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