Spanish Verbs – Basic AR Ending Conjugation

In learning Spanish, verb conjugation is by far your biggest challenge, yet as a student you can be grateful that many verbs follow a very distinct pattern. In this lesson, we are going to discover conjugation of AR verb endings in the present tense. This is probably one of the very first things you learn in a Spanish class.

Let take a verb such as the one that means “to walk”. The Spanish verb is caminar.

In conversation, if you are to use the word caminar, you are literally saying “to walk”.

In English, you would say something like I walk or he walks.  In Spanish, you have the subject and verb in the same word.  For example, camino is the word for I walk.

Let’s look at how all of the forms of the verb caminar look:

Singular:

I walk: camino
You walk: caminas
He/she walks: camina

Plural:

We walk: caminamos
You all/they all walk: caminan

Notice how all of the forms start with camin?  This is the root of the word, with the AR ending removed.  Spanish verb conjugation in the present removes the two letter ending and adds a new ending based on the subject that is doing the action.

Here are some other AR ending verbs that you can see follow the same pattern:

Arreglar: to fix
arreglo/arreglas/arregla/arreglamos/arreglan

Mirar: to look
miro/miras/mira/miramos/miran

Preguntar: to ask
pregunto/preguntas/pregunta/preguntamos/preguntan

That’s all it takes for a standard Spanish AR verb conjugation.  Check back again for some irregular verbs.

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