Spanish Direct versus Indirect Object Pronouns

Are you learning Spanish and having trouble understanding the difference between direct and indirect object pronouns?

There are many different literary conventions to learn when learning a new language.  Object pronouns, both indirect and direct, are an important part of understanding Spanish speaking and therefore must be discussed.  Many people have trouble remembering when to use one or the other, and which one is which for that matter.  Here’s a very basic review of the two and how to know when to use them.

Direct Object Pronouns

Here are the various forms of direct object pronouns:

me – yo
te – tu
lo, la – el, ella, usted
nos – nosotros
los, las – ellos, ellas, ustedes

When to use direct object?  User direct object pronouns when speaking about an object and what is done with it.  For example:

  • I bring it (referring to a book) – lo traigo
  • I have them (referring to shoes) – los tengo
  • You search for us – nos buscas

Indirect Object Pronouns

Here are the various forms of direct object pronouns:

me – yo
te – tu
le – el, ella, usted
nos – nosotros
les – ellos, ellas, ustedes

When to use direct object pronouns?  Use direct object pronouns when speaking about an object and what is done to it.  For example:

  • I bring the book to her – le traigo el libro
  • You give me the shoes – me das los zapatos
  • You speak to us – nos hablas

In review

Did you notice the biggest difference?  Direct object pronouns are used when the verb is describing what is being done with an object where indirect object pronouns are used when the verb is describing what is being done to an object.

 

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