Even if you know how to write HTML and have all of the tags memorized, you still need to know how to create a file that the web server will access. When a web server service is installed on a workstation, it will generally create a directory to hold your web server documents.
If using Microsoft Internet Information Services, and you have installed the web server service, then you should find a directory called “wwwroot” on your hard drive. The options for this server are usually found by going to Control Panel/Administrative Tools/Internet Information Services Manager. There you can do things like configure IIS, set the home directory and set the permissions.
If you are using Apache, you will find an httpd.conf file in the location where you installed Apache. This file is going to control the Apache web server and setup things like the home directory. By default, Apache uses a directory called htdocs for the web server directory.
Ok, so you have figured out where to put your documents. Now, how do you create the file that the web server will use? The easiest way is to simply create a new file on your computer called index.htm or index.html. Often, file extensions are hidden, so you need to make sure your file is actually index.htm rather than “index.htm.txt”. Using notepad is a good way to get started, but as you write more complicated code, a tool like will help by color coding your written code.
Now to make our first HTML file, we will take the entire code segment found in Lesson 3 and paste it into our blank index.htm file. Save this file to your web server directory. If this web server is running on your own computer, you can probably just type localhost into your web browser and you should be redirected to your web server which will display your default page.
By naming your document index.htm chances are good that you will be making it your default page, but we will get more into default pages in Lesson 5 and 6 where we will cover IIS and Apache configurations respectively. See you soon!